Tuesday, June 23, 2009

The Muster

Fourteen of the officers of HMS Terror and HMS Erebus, print from Richard Beard's famous daguerreotypes. A great discussion of the daguerreotypes can be read here and here.

HMS Erebus:


Sir John Franklin, Captain, Commanding the Expedition
James Fitzjames, Commander
Graham Gore, Lieutenant
H.T.D. Le Vesconte, Lieutenant
James Walter Fairholme, Lieutenant
Robert Orme Sergeant, Mate
Charles Frederick Des Voeux, Mate
Edward Couch, Mate
Henry Foster Collins, Second Master
James Reid, Ice Master
Stephen Samuel Stanley, Surgeon
Harry D.S. Goodsir, Assistant Surgeon
Charles Hamilton Osmer, Purser

Warrant Officers

John Gregory, Engineer
Thomas Terry, Boatswain
John Weekes, Carpenter

Petty Officers

John Murray, Sailmaker, age 43
William Smith, Blacksmith, age 28
Thomas Burt, Armorer, age 22
James W. Brown, Caulker, age 28
Francis Dunn, Caulker's Mate, age 25
Thomas Watson, Carpenter's Mate, age 40
Samuel Brown, Boatswain's Mate, age 27
Richard Wall, Ship's Cook, age 45
James Rigden, Captain's Coxwain, age 32
William Bell, Quartermaster, age 36
Daniel Arthur, Quartermaster, age 35
John Downing, Quartermaster
Robert Sinclair, Captain of the Foretop, age 25
John Sullivan, Captain of the Maintop, age 28
Phillip Reddington, Captain of the Forecastle, age 28
Joseph Andrews, Captain of the Hold, age 35
Edmund Hoar, Captain's Steward, age 23
John Bridgens, Subordinate Officers' Steward, age 26
Richard Aylmore, Gunroom Steward, age 24
William Fowler, Purser's Steward, age 26
John Cowie, Stoker
Thomas Plater, Stoker

Able Seamen

George Thompson, age 27
John Hartnell, age 25
John Stickland, age 24
Thomas Hartnell, age 23
William Orren, age 34
William Closson, age 25
Charles Coombs, age 28
John Morfin, age 25
Charles Best, age 23
Thomas McConvey, age 24
Henry Lloyd, age 26
Thomas Work, age 41
Robert Ferrier, age 29
Josephus Geater, age 32
Thomas Tadman, age 28
Abraham Seeley, age 34
Francis Pocock, age 24
Robert Johns, age 24
William Mark, age 24

Royal Marines

David Bryant, Sergeant, age 31
Alexander Pearson, Corporal, age 30
Robert Hopcraft, Private, age 38
William Pilkington, Private, age 28
William Braine, Private, age 31
Joseph Healey, Private, age 29
William Reed, Private, age 28


George Chambers, age 18
David Young, age 18

HMS Terror:


Francis Rawden Moira Crozier, Captain
Edward Little, Lieutenant
George Henry Hodgson, Lieutenant
John Irving, Lieutenant
Frederick John Hornby, Mate
Robert Thomas, Mate
Giles Alexander McBean, Second Master
Thomas Blanky, Ice Master
John Smart Peddie, Surgeon
Alexander McDonald, Assistant Surgeon
E.J. Helpman, Clerk in Charge

Warrant Officers

James Thompson, Engineer
John Lane, Boatswain
Thomas Honey, Carpenter

Petty Officers

Thomas Johnson, Boatswain's Mate, age 28
Alexander Wilson, Carpenter's Mate, age 27
Reuben Male, Captain of the Forecastle, age 27
David McDonald, Quartermaster, age 45
John Kenley, Quartermaster
William Rhodes, Quartermaster, age 31
Thomas Darlington, Caulker, age 29
Samuel Honey, Blacksmith, age 22
John Torrington, Leading Stoker, age 19
John Diggle, Cook, age 36
John Wilson, Captain's Coxwain, age 33
Thomas R. Farr, Captain of the Maintop, age 32
Harry Peglar, Captain of the Foretop, age 37
William Goddard, Captain of the Hold, age 39
Cornelius Hickey, Caulker's Mate, age 24
Thomas Jopson, Captain's Steward, age 27
Thomas Armitage , Gun-room Steward, age 40
William Gibson, Subordinate Officers' Steward, age 22
Edward Genge, Subordinate Officers' Steward, age 21
Luke Smith, Stoker, age 27
William Johnson, Stoker, age 45

Able Seamen

George J. Cann, age 23
William Strong, age 22
David Sims, age 24
John Bailey, age 21
William Jerry, age 29
Henry Sait, age 23
Alexander Berry, age 32
John Handford, age 28
John Bates, age 24
Samuel Crispe, age 24
Charles Johnson, age 28
William Shanks, age 29
David Leys, age 37
William Sinclair, age 30
Goerge Kinnaird, age 23
Edwin Lawrence, age 30
Magnus Manson, age 28
James Walker, age 29
William Wentzall, age 33

Royal Marines

Solomon Tozer, Sergeant, age 34
William Hedges, Corporal, age 30
William Heather, Private, age 37
Henry Wilkes, Private, age 28
John Hammond, Private, age 32
James Daly, Private, age 30


Robert Golding, age 19
Thomas Evans, age 18



Russell Potter said...

Thanks, Ted, for this post, and for your excellent new blog. I am sure that many readers will appreciate your thoughtful annotated bibliography, to which I'll refer all those who ask me where to find further reading.

The muster rolls themselves are a fascinating topic. Thanks to a generous fellow-researcher, I have photos of the original muster rolls from the National Archives in Kew. The information on age is just part of it; you can also find out where someone was born, whether or not it was their "first entry" into the Navy, the date they joined, and (in some cases) equipment and advance pay they were given. I'm not sure about copyright issues with such images, but would be glad to supplement the information here with regard to any particular member of the expedition!

Best of luck with this new blog, and I look forward to your future postings!

Ted Betts said...

Thank you so much Russell.

I've only been engaged in this part of history for a short while but already can't seem to get enough.

What is intriguing to me right now are two things:

1. There is very clearly a renaissance and growing interest in research and writing on the expedition. This is due no doubt to increased interest in the arctic due to global warming, but also the fruits from the seeds planted by groundbreaking original research in the 1980s. It is timely as well, with the approach of the bicentennial of the departure of the expedition. I would great to get a jump on possible events through the use of the web.

2. While there is much research and writing, and much research and writing in many fields (history, archeology, literature, visual studies, etc.), it seems to me that there is a dearth of centralized information, at least available online to amateurs like myself. You, personally, have clearly done yeomans work in collecting a lot of the data and links on your various websites. But there does not seem to be anywhere, for example, an aggregated listing of all known relics, where they were found and where they are kept right now. Many research expeditions have been undertaken and reported on in individual websites, but no "central depot" for cataloging them or even a "current events" site. I tried to find information about Robert Grenier searches and could only find newspaper articles that gave general summaries, a CBC interview with him and a simple Wikipedia entry. Unless I've missed it, I would have thought that expedition would have its own website somewhere even at a Parks Canada website.

Getting data and information - of all sorts, not just Franklin - online where the passionate amateur multitudes can push things forward or just simply get educated, is a personal passion of mine and can repeat great rewards. It is why I started this little site. I would love to collaborate with anyone who is working on something similar.

Ted Betts said...

I suppose I should do more of my own online research before pronouncing. I did just find this site cataloging Franklin relics by site, expedition, maker or type.

Russell Potter said...

Well, don't be too hard on yourself -- it took the National Maritime Museum years to get around to producing a meaningful online catalog of the relics, and I know for a fact that it does not include the full total of material items in their possession. For instance, photos of the Franklin relics on display in 1860 show at least ten books or bound volumes; the online list gives only seven.

And even then, their guide is missing some of the the artifacts brought back by Rae (these are in Scotland) or Charles Francis Hall (most of these are at the Smithsonian).

William Battersby and I are just looking at silver-plate utensils --a useful category as they often bear both an officer's crest and the scratched initials of a seaman -- and can safely say that the NMM listing only includes perhaps half of these kinds of items.

So there is much work to be done, especially in connecting oral testimony, physical artifacts, and forensic evidence into a coherent whole. I think a blog is a great place to get people together to this such work, and together with others of its kind, yours can make a very significant contribution to this ongoing project!

tom swailes said...

Very interesting blog

Here is the medal given to the family of George Chambers, volunteer 1st class and 18 year old boy on the Erebus


James Bowie said...

I dare say, the mate, the master, the surgeon, the purser, these are all warrant officers, no?

Anonymous said...

jeffreythomas151@btinternet.com asking on November 16th 2012. Is it possible to get hold of a print of The Muster. The 14 officers photographed?

Jared Paterson said...

Hi Russell,

I just wanted to say thank you for all of your hard work in providing very detailed information surrounding the Franklin Expedition. I recently discovered that one of my distant ancestors back in the 1800's was on board the Erebus during the expedition. My grandmother had held onto my grandfathers possessions and old family documentation handed down from generation to generation. My father grew up hearing of only tales of this "distant relative" who may or may not have actually served in the Franklin expedition. Upon my father going through my grandmothers possessions, he came across a will and testament to a Alexander Paterson. It entailed that he was lost at sea, and is marked and signed by the Royal Admiral, who was based in Montreal at the time.

It was a great relief to see that he was recognized on your site; as we weren't even sure if he was a "real" relative or not. I see on a few sites that his surname has been confused with "Pearson." It is in fact Paterson :)

Thank you kindly,

Jared Paterson